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Can abortion cause ovarian cysts? Expert Answers

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Considering abortion? But, worried it might cause ovarian cysts? Or just discovering if abortion is a safe procedure? You’re not alone. Having concerns about your health and equipping yourself with reliable pieces of information is essential. After all, informed decisions are what matter and are responsible for positive outcomes. Ovarian cysts are common and usually harmless. But can abortion increase your risk? Let’s explore what experts say about the link between abortion and ovarian cysts.

What are Ovarian Cysts?

Let’s first understand ovaries and periods. Well, you may all know what periods are, but let’s try to understand it this way. Ovaries are the storehouse for eggs in females and are also responsible for hormone production and balance. Each month only one egg is released from an ovary which we call ovulation. This egg stays in the fallopian tube to be fertilized by a sperm, if available for nearly 24 hours. In a case, the fertilization is successful, the most possible outcome is pregnancy.

Now, pregnancy can also be either normal (intrauterine) or faulty (ectopic). So, as soon as you test positive for a pregnancy test, regardless if it’s a planned or unwanted pregnancy, do visit your gynecologist and get an ultrasound done at the earliest. This is very important to rule out any case of ectopic pregnancy because it’s an emergency and can even be fatal if it ruptures.

If fertilization or implantation of fertilized embryo fails, you can expect a normal period and even ovarian cysts as they are usually a normal part of your normal menstrual cycle. These ovarian cysts are liquid or semi-fluid-filled sacs that may develop on one or both of your ovaries. These sacs are quite common, especially during your childbearing years between puberty and menopause.

Why the concern about ovarian cysts triggers is due to the fear of malignancy. Moreover, the concern is deeper when one is considering a safe abortion that doesn’t lead to any long-term consequences. The good news is most ovarian cysts are benign, meaning they’re not cancerous.

Additionally, your body might even form a small cyst every month as part of your normal menstrual cycle. This type of cyst usually goes unnoticed. Doctors usually prefer transvaginal ultrasound imaging modality for suspected pelvic masses, including ovarian cysts.

Ovarian Cysts Causes: What causes ovarian cysts?

Ovarian cysts can arise from various factors, some are linked to the menstrual cycle while some other patient-specific factors can also contribute to ovarian cyst formation.

Menstrual cycle-related ovarian cysts:

Firstly, let’s see the normal causes of ovarian cysts linked to your menstrual cycle.

Follicle cysts:

During ovulation, a sac called a follicle forms around an egg. Usually, the follicle bursts and releases the egg. But sometimes, the follicle doesn’t rupture and instead fills with fluid, forming a cyst. Don’t worry about these because they usually disappear on their own after one or two menstrual cycles.

Corpus luteum cysts:

After ovulation, the empty follicle transforms into a temporary structure called the corpus luteum. This structure produces hormones needed for pregnancy. If fluid gets trapped inside, a corpus luteum cyst can develop. These also disappear within a few months.

If you get pregnant, this corpus luteum produces Progesterone, an essential hormone for sustaining a pregnancy. Do you know, that MTP kits contain Mifepristone which stops the production of the hormone Progesterone? But it alone does not cause an abortion. It works with Misoprostol to expel the embryo. However, you may never opt for a self-abortion as it can lead to severe complications. Always visit a registered abortion hospital for abortion.

Coming back to Corpus luteum cysts, they disappear on their own once the placenta forms and takes over hormone production. So, they do not affect your pregnancy and you may not need to worry about them interfering.

Endometriosis:

This condition causes tissue similar to the lining of your uterus (endometrium) to grow outside the uterus, sometimes on the ovaries. Also, endometriosis can lead to the formation of endometriomas, a specific type of ovarian cyst that can cause pain and other symptoms.

Other Causes of Ovarian Cysts:

While many cysts arise from your menstrual cycle, other factors can contribute to their development. These are:

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID):

A severe pelvic infection can spread to the ovaries, causing cysts to form. If your PID is a result of past abortion complications, you may draw a link between abortion causing ovarian cysts. However, abortion directly is not responsible.

Furthermore, PID is usually a result of an unmanaged abortion like a self-abortion or an unsafe abortion practice that didn’t follow proper sanitation and sterilization of the abortion equipment or unsafe hygiene practices at the abortion clinic. Even, prophylactic antibiotics both during and after an abortion procedure ensure that your reproductive tract is infection-free.

So, it is crucial for your future health that you obtain an abortion for an unwanted pregnancy only at a registered abortion clinic near you. Additionally, do check out the hospital’s reviews on hygiene practices. Or you can always visit in person and if you feel satisfied with the hospital’s hygiene, it’s a green signal.

Check out what our patients have to say about hospital hygiene

Also, do take your medicines on post-abortion prescription as and when advised. Skipping your medicines may result in incomplete bacterial elimination from your reproductive tract. In such a case, abortion is not the blame for the resulting PID.

Another important thing is that PID can also result from other reasons, apart from an unsafe abortion. So, it may not be wise to directly link a safe abortion with an ovarian cyst if it has not resulted in PID.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS):

Hormonal imbalance can lead to multiple small cysts on the ovaries. When multiple eggs start to grow but none of them gets big enough to ovulate, these small eggs appear like a cyst on an ultrasound scan. Therefore, the hormones also get disrupted making one experience the PCOS symptoms.

Dermoid cysts:

These rare cysts contain hair, skin, or other tissues and can be present at birth.

Cystadenomas:

These are non-cancerous tumors that can grow large and sometimes produce mucus or other fluids.

Some patients on some fertility medicines may also experience ovarian cysts. Furthermore. it’s important to note that although uncommon, some ovarian cysts can be cancerous. So, you must visit your gynecologist if you experience any uncommon symptoms.

Ovarian Cysts Symptoms:

Typically, ovarian cysts cause no symptoms and disappear on their own within a few months. However, larger cysts or certain types can cause discomfort, bloating, or irregular periods. So, if you experience any of these symptoms, it’s important to see a doctor to get a proper diagnosis and discuss treatment options.

  • Firstly, pain or discomfort in the lower abdomen is commonly present.
  • Also, check for severe pain from torsion (twisting) or rupture.
  • Than, discomfort during intercourse is also common.
  • Again, changes in bowel movements (constipation usually or diarrhea if infection) can not be ignored.
  • Pelvic pressure causing urinary urgency or frequency is common.
  • Menstrual irregularities due to hormonal imbalance.
  • Abdominal fullness and bloating are also common.
  • Indigestion, heartburn, or early satiety may also come.
  • Unexplained weight gain can also be a reason.
  • Breast tenderness can happen with many causes, but with ovarian cysts too.

Can abortion cause ovarian cysts? Separating Facts from Abortion Myths

The concern that abortion can lead to ovarian cysts is a common misconception. But the straight answer if abortion can cause ovarian cysts is ‘No’. But, does this satisfy you? No! Yes, that’s why it’s important that important to understand why this link doesn’t hold weight and set the record straight based on medical evidence.

Here’s a deeper dive into why abortion doesn’t cause ovarian cysts:

Distinct Causes:

As we’ve explored, ovarian cysts typically arise from natural hormonal fluctuations during your menstrual cycle (follicle and corpus luteum cysts) or underlying conditions like endometriosis, PID and PCOS. Abortion is a procedure to terminate a pregnancy and doesn’t interfere with these biological processes. So, it’s medically unlikely that abortion can cause ovarian cysts.

No Disruption:

During an abortion, the procedure focuses on removing the fertilized egg or embryo from the uterus. The ovaries themselves are not involved or manipulated in any way. Therefore, abortion doesn’t disrupt the hormonal environment or introduce foreign elements that could trigger cyst formation.

Medical Consensus:

Leading medical organizations like the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), Mayo Clinic and abortion doctors at our internationally recognized, Bangalore Genesis Hospital (BGH) firmly state that there’s no evidence linking abortion to an increased risk of ovarian cysts.

(Mayo Clinic writes on Ovarian cysts, abortion is not among the causes. Ref.: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ovarian-cysts/symptoms-causes/syc-20353405)

(ACOG writes abortion as a safe procedure. Ref.: https://www.acog.org/advocacy/abortion-is-essential/come-prepared/abortion-access-fact-sheet)

Ovarian Cysts After Molar Pregnancy: While uncommon, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) can occur in association with natural pregnancy, particularly with a hydatidiform mole. This condition can lead to the formation of multilocular ovarian cysts, as seen in a case study. (Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6737631/#:~:text=Physicians%20should%20be%20aware%20that,even%20if%20it%20becomes%20huge.)

Therefore, while a rare association with hydatidiform moles exists, it doesn’t represent the typical scenario after an abortion.

Expert Advice on Abortion Myths Associated with Ovarian Cysts

Understanding what medical professionals say about the link between abortion and ovarian cysts can be very reassuring. Here’s what you may want to hear from the experts regarding abortion and its connection with ovarian cysts:

Dr. Mamta, an OB-GYN at safe abortion clinic Bangalore: ” There is no scientific evidence that having an abortion increases your risk of developing ovarian cysts. The causes of ovarian cysts are unrelated to abortion. It’s a safe medical procedure that doesn’t impact your ovaries.”

Dr Anil, a surgeon and a reproductive health specialist, adds: “There’s no reason to believe abortion would increase your risk of cysts. It’s a common misconception, and focusing on evidence-based information is crucial.”

Key Takeaway: How to obtain a Safe abortion without the risk of ovarian cysts?

The fear of developing ovarian cysts should not be a barrier to considering abortion. Extensive research has shown no link between abortion and ovarian cysts. Also, the most common types of ovarian cysts are unrelated to pregnancy or abortion and often resolve on their own. So, don’t let abortion myths take away your peace of mind.

Considering your reproductive health and making informed choices is crucial. We are here to support your need for a safe, legal and confidential abortion in Bangalore. BGH is a premier, registered abortion clinic Bangalore committed to providing safe, legal, and confidential abortion care. We understand that considering abortion can be a complex and emotional decision. Our team of compassionate and experienced healthcare professionals offers a judgment-free environment where you can receive expert guidance and support throughout the process.

Here’s what sets Bangalore Genesis Hospital apart:

  • Safe and Legal: We adhere to the highest medical standards and follow all legal guidelines for abortion care.
  • Confidential: Your privacy is our priority. We ensure complete confidentiality throughout your consultation and procedure.
  • Painless: We offer various pain management options to ensure your comfort during the procedure.
  • Short and Efficient: Our Gentle Care abortion procedures are designed to be as brief and efficient as possible, minimizing disruption to your day.
  • Non-Judgmental: We understand your situation is unique and provide non-judgmental support and care.

In addition to the above, Bangalore Genesis Hospital also offers:

  • Flexible appointment scheduling to accommodate your needs.
  • Pre- and post-procedure consultations to answer your questions and address any concerns.
  • Financial counselling to explore available options if the cost of abortion is a factor.

Schedule a consultation with one of our experienced healthcare professionals today. We’re here to guide you through every step and ensure a safe, supportive experience.

Schedule an appointment.

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